Referring to signage, it is not only essential to know the different symbols, but also where to position them so that they really do their job in an emergency.
Having proper signage is essential both in public spaces of more than 50 square meters and in buildings with areas for public use. The main mission of each of these posters is to inform on the one hand of the itinerary to be carried out in the event of a possible evacuation, as well as to duly point out the points of interest in emergencies (fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, telephone, exits or dead-end areas) . Experts such as those who work daily at Nadinsa carry out the necessary consultancies so that any area, however large it may be, becomes a space for easy evacuation if necessary.
The basic measure is to know all the guidelines for the placement and proper maintenance of emergency signs. Visualize a possible scenario in which smoke or stress can disorient users and find the essential point in which to place each element. In this way, it is guaranteed that in the event of a fire or emergency, visitors will have all the tools at their fingertips.
Where should the emergency signs be posted?
Let’s start by emphasizing that any message that seeks to signal or warn of an exit or a device that is helpful in case of fire, must be placed where it has constant light. The signage signage must be photoluminescent, which means that while it has a light source, its material recharges and in the event of a blackout, the poster itself will shine, thus being visible despite the lack of light.
Another essential issue is that all posters must be fully visible. It is useless to locate an information point if users cannot see it perfectly. In the same way, both exits and ‘dead end’ notices must be placed on the lintels of the different doors. They should never be pasted on the sheet itself, since if it is open, users will not be able to see the information.
The case of stairs is usually one of the most complex given the chaos that can be caused by not having good signage. Exit indications in an upward direction must be marked with riser markings while those that are descending shall be marked with tread and non-slip material. In addition, if the itinerary involves a point where the exit is in parallel, there must be signage in the form of a flag on the door lintel.
Another important point to take into account refers to the warning or prohibition signs. For example, in elevators, forbidden to use in case of emergency or fire, or in specific places where we will find fire extinguishers, emergency telephones and fire hydrants. These messages should have a red background, highly visible, and should be placed no more than 30 centimeters from the ceiling and between 2 and 2.5 meters from the ground. This ensures that any ad can be seen without problems.
Periodic reviews of each informative signaling element are of vital importance. They will have to assess not only the good condition of each signal but also that nothing covers the information. Following current regulations and having up-to-date signage is essential to guarantee everyone’s safety.